Wednesday, July 15, 2020
How to Adapt to a Stressful Situation Stress Management Management Techniques Print How to Adapt to a Stressful Situation By Elizabeth Scott, MS twitter Elizabeth Scott, MS, is a wellness coach specializing in stress management and quality of life, and the author of 8 Keys to Stress Management. Learn about our editorial policy Elizabeth Scott, MS Medically reviewed by Medically reviewed by Carly Snyder, MD on November 10, 2019 facebook twitter linkedin Carly Snyder, MD is a reproductive and perinatal psychiatrist who combines traditional psychiatry with integrative medicine-based treatments. Learn about our Medical Review Board Carly Snyder, MD on November 10, 2019 How Stress Impacts Your Health Overview Signs of Burnout Stress and Weight Gain Benefits of Exercise Stress Reduction Tips Self-Care Practices Mindful Living Cutting down on the little stressors of life can leave more energy to manage the bigger challenges. Jessica Peterson / Getty Images Often when people face a new and stressful situationâ"a job thatâs a bit too challenging, a thorny relationship hurdle that will take a while to sort through, a change in lifestyle that feels like a step down from what they hadâ"they feel overwhelmed at the thought that they may have to deal with this stress for an extended period of time. People who worry about this long-term stress have reason to be concerned: chronic stress, the stress type of stress that is continual and unchanging, can take the heaviest toll. People who face chronic stressors may wonder if things will get easierâ"if they will adapt. Managing Chronic Stress The good news is that there are things that can be done to mitigate the stress of virtually any situation, even if the situation itself is there to stay for a while. If you are facing a new hurdle, a challenging life situation, or are just wondering if it gets easier and how to speed the process, the following are some stress relief strategies that can help. Note: If you face a life crisis or overwhelming stressor, these techniques can help significantly, but seeking the help of a professional may be necessary at some point if the stress does not become manageable. Have The Right Attitude We canât always control what we are facing, but we do have a choice in how we face it. We can choose the attitude we take, and whether we face each challenge as a threat or a challenge. Research shows that viewing something as a challenge helps you to mobilize your resources and bring your A game to the situation more easily, while viewing the same situation as a threat can lead to a greater tendency to feel stressed and shut down If you read about avoidant coping, you can see some of the problems that are associated with shutting down or avoiding your stressor. The following steps can help you to move into a more empowered frame of mind if you need to. Understand the Role of AttitudeYour attitude can help to determine how stressful a situation feels for you, and how you approach your options. In fact, attitude can affect which options you see and do not see, which can also affect your stress levels and the outcome of your actions.Examine Your Thought PatternsYour thought patterns may feel automatic, but you can choose where your focus lies. To begin to make that choice, it helps to become aware of your habitual thinking patterns. This exercise can help you to see these patterns more clearly and can help you to relieve stress in the process.Practice Positive Self-TalkPositive self-talk means using more optimistic language in your head, and focusing more on possibilities. It involves more than merely trying to look on the bright side, although that is part of it. Learn the specific areas where you can shift your focus and in the process, alter what is possible for you, and how stressful or stress-free your life feels. Change What You Can Sometimes there are certain aspects of a situation you can change, even if you cannot change the situation as a whole. For example, you may, for financial reasons, be unable to quit a job you donât enjoy, but you can connect with co-workers more, alter your attitude while youâre at work, and use your break time for stress management activities, all of which can alter how you feel when you are at this job. The following steps can help you to make changes where you can and relieve stress as you do. Try Solution-Focused CopingSolution-focused coping means taking action to change your life where you are able. These changes can be large in scale, or small but targeted. Change itself can bring stress, so itâs important to choose the changes that will matter the most.Find and Eliminate TolerationsTolerations are those nagging stressors in your lifestyle that you put up with almost without realizing it, but which bring you constant low-grade stress. The thing about tolerations is that they add up to bigger stress. Cutting out tolerations can bring stress relief so you can tolerate more of the things you canât change.Create a New Life PlanKnowing where you want to go, having a plan for the future, can help to minimize stress in the present. Planning changes according to your values and priorities can be helpful and inspiring, even if you canât bring those plans to fruition for a little while longer. Build Resilience Through Healthy Habits If you canât do any more to change your situation, you can still reduce the stress you feel as you manage your daily life. Certain activities can promote resilience and help you to feel less stressed overall, and less reactive to the stressors you face when they rear their ugly heads. The following are a few resilience-building activities to add to your lifeâ"the more they become an automatic habit, the less your stressors will bother you! Self CareWhen we are tired, hungry, and run-down, everything feels more stressful, and we have fewer coping resources at our disposal. We tend to react to stress rather than respond to it. We let things snowball. Focus on taking care of your body, and you will have a greater ability to handle frustration and stress in your life overall.ExerciseExercise is one of those wonderful stress relievers that can build resilience by helping you to blow off steam. Better still, regular exercise can help you to become less reactive toward stress. Because of that and the obvious health benefits of exercise, this is a powerhouse of a stress reliever that should be worked into your schedule when at all possible.MeditationMeditation can help you to remain centered in the face of stress and can help you to regain a sense of peace when you are feeling off-balance. There are many meditation techniques that work well, so try a few and stick with a favorite technique or two that really feel right. Over t ime, you should find yourself reacting to stress with less intensity and more able to remain calm and peaceful.Positive AttitudeMaintaining a positive attitude is one thing you can do to make everything in your life feel easier. A positive attitude also helps you to get along better with others (which can lead to greater social support and less conflict) and can help you to remain feeling good, even when things around you are not so great. All in all, it would be great if we could simply avoid or eliminate the stressors in our lives. Unfortunately, thats only possible to an extent, and there will be times in life when we are all faced with unpredictable or unavoidable stressors, when we need to rely on resilience. You may not be able to change everything in your life, but these tips can help you to adapt more easily to stressful situations you may face.
Thursday, May 21, 2020
These three review exercises will give you practice in applying the rules of subject-verb agreement. After you have completed each exercise, compare your responses with the answers. Agreement Exercise A For each pair of sentences below, write out the correct form of the verb in parentheses. Keep to the present tense, and be guided by our four tips for agreement and our three special cases.1. Do you know how to play bocce? The game (do) not require any special athletic abilities.2. There is a new bocce league at the recreational center. There (be) several teams in the league.3. I have a new set of bocce balls. My friend (have) a new pallino ball.4. Bocce is a game for people of all ages. I (be) going to show you how to play.5. The players take turns rolling a ball down the court. Each of the players [take] one ball and aims for the pallino.6. We try to get our balls as close to the pallino as possible. Rick often (try) to bounce his ball off the side of the court.7. Nobody enjoys playing bocce more than I do. Everybody who plays bocce (enjoy) the game.8. There are four players on each team. There (be) a tournament at the end of the season.9. The winners of the tournament carry home a trophy. Everyone (carry) home good memories.10. I am ready to play a game now. You and your friends (be) welcome to join us. Agreement Exercise B For each pair of sentences below, write out the correct form of the verb in parentheses. Keep to the present tense, and be guided by our four tips for agreement and our three special cases.1. Both candidates oppose increased defense spending. Neither of the two candidates (oppose) the war in Iraq.2. Not one of these cell phones belongs to me. One of the phones (belong) to Merdine.3. Most students take all of their classes in the morning. Nobody (take) classes after 2:00.4. One of my hobbies is collecting shopping bags. My hobbies (be) unusual.5. Gus and Merdine want a trial separation. Neither one (want) to move out of the apartment.6. Neither of the players admits that he made an error. Both players (admit) that somebody made a mistake.7. Both the manager and her assistant have been fired. Neither the manager nor her assistant (have) been notified.8. Where is your little brother? Several pages from my journal (be) missing.9. Professor Legree often goes for long walks in the rain. Th e lights in his house (go) on at midnight.br/>10. The students in the back of the room play poker during breaks. The student who sits next to the refreshments (play) solitaire. Agreement Exercise C In the following paragraph, identify the six errors in subject-verb agreement. According to legend, Santa Claus is a fat old man who visits every house on our planet in about eight hours on one of the coldest nights of the year. Santa, as everybody knows, stop for a glass of milk and a cookie at each house along the route. He prefer to work unnoticed, so he wears a luminous red suit and travels with a pack of bell-jangling reindeer. For reasons that most people does not understand, this jolly old man enters each house not by the front door but through the chimney (whether you has a chimney or not). He customarily gives generously to children in wealthy families, and he usually remind poorer children that its the thought that counts. Santa Claus is one of the earliest beliefs that parents try to instill in their children. After this absurdity, its a wonder that any child ever believe in anything again. Answers to Exercise A (1) does; (2) are; (3) has; (4) am; (5) takes; (6) tries; (7) enjoys; (8) is; (9) carries; (10) are. Answers to Exercise B (1) oppose; (2) belongs; (3) takes; (4) are; (5) wants; (7) has; (8) are; (9) go; (10) plays. Answers to Exercise C (1) Change stop for a glass to stopsÃ for a glass; (2) change prefer to work to prefersÃ to work; (3) change people does not understand to peopleÃ doÃ not understand; (4) change you has a chimney to youÃ haveÃ a chimney; (5) change remind poorer children to remindsÃ poorer children; (6) change child ever believe to child everÃ believes.
Wednesday, May 6, 2020
State Voter Initiatives Affecting the Education of English Language Learners Jennifer Milam Grand Canyon University: ESL-523N January 30, 2013 State Voter Initiatives Affecting the Education of English Language Learners It is no secret that the debate over what is the best course of action to educate our non-native English language students across the country is a highly charged topic that runs from the classroom to Capitol Hill. There have been many shifts in direction and focus of educational programs for English Language Learning (ELL) students during the past century in our nations history. In 1968, with the passage of the Bilingual Education Act (Title VII of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act) legislation wasÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦To many opponents of the bilingual education program that existed prior to these laws, encouraging bilingualism and biculturalism threatened the very definition of the American culture, which, they believed, promoted the values and language of a common group (Weisman and Hanson,2002). ). These proponents of the initiatives believed that new immigrants must abandon their na tive languages and cultural practices to fully assimilate into U.S. society. They feared that Spanish-speaking immigrants in particular had been clinging to their language and resisting learning English (Mora,2009). It remains to be seen the impact that this legislation has had on the academic outcomes of ELL students. In Arizona, research has suggested that the immersion program has been ineffective with only 11% of students entering the one year program actually obtaining English proficiency within a one year period (English for children, 2013). In California, due to the dramatic changes in the education policy of the state since the passage of Prop 227, it is difficult to measure the impact that Proposition 227 specifically has had on the outcome of these students (American Institutes for Research and WestEd, 2006). One thing is clear, the improvement in the outcomes for ELL students since the adoption of these state initiatives has not been noteworthy. While there has been a slight decrease in
In this essay I will speak about the exhibits and shows I viewed on my recent visits to the Victoria and Albert Museum and British Museum. It was a truly oculus opening experience. It opened up a new dimension of Islam which I had non considered antecedently. We will write a custom essay sample on Introduction to Muslim art and architecture or any similar topic only for you Order Now I had neÃ¢â¬â¢er known there was any kind of art or architecture in Islam. I had ever thought of museums as truly deadening topographic points. At first, I was truly doubting but shortly was fascinated by the artifacts. I shall depict the most dramatic and outstanding artifacts I saw and some information I learnt about them. In the Victoria and Albert Museum, I viewed a hearth from the castle of Fuat Pasha. It was made in Istanbul in 1731 CE and is designed in a typical Ottoman manner. An interesting thing to observe here is the on some of the tiles are written some names. These are said to be the names of Ahl Al Kahf. Their narrative is related in the Quran. A group of young persons and their Canis familiaris who were monotheists were being persecuted by the Roman Empire. They sought safety in a cave and prayed to ALLAH ( SWT ) . ALLAH ( SWT ) caused them to kip and they woke up and thought a twenty-four hours had passed. They were weary of being caught and so they elected one of them to acquire nutrient. This young person went carefully and tried to purchase some nutrient. When he tried to pay for it, the store keeper would non accept on history of the money given was expired. Coins like this had non been in usage for 100s of old ages. He rushed back to the cave and told the others. They had really bee n asleep for 300 old ages! ALLAH ( SWT ) had saved them from their enemy who were destroyed where as they were unharmed. This was a mighty Ayat of the power of ALLAH ( SWT ) and of the world of Resurrection. The utilizing of their names on hearths is to guard off immorality. Another point which stood out was the minbar which is a mosque dais. It was built in Egypt, most likely Cairo, someplace between 1468 CE to 1496 CE. Its design is in a Mamluk manner. It uses geometric forms which is an implicit in characteristic of Islamic art. The chief exhibit had to be the Ardabil rug from Ardabil in North Western Iran. The rug is 34 ? pess by 17 ? pess. It is the oldest lasting rug from this period dating back to 1540 CE. It was completed during the regulation of Safavid Shah Tahmasp I the boy of Shah Ismail. Ardabil is a metropolis with a great historical tradition of rug trade and has produced the finest Iranian Rugs of all clip. The rug is symmetrical which is another implicit in characteristic of Islamic art. The xanthous medallion in the Centre is a symbolic representation of the Sun which at that point in clip was assumed to be in the Centre of the existence. Originally this rug was portion of a set of two, and was created for the intent of marking the shrine of Sheikh Safi Al Din Ardabil who was a Sufi maestro in mystical Islam who died in 1334 CE. Shah Ismail, who reunited Iran after many 100s of old ages, founded the Safavid Dynasty named after him and established Shiite Islam as the province faith in 1501 CE. In the British museum I saw a ceramic gravestone of a Qadi called Jalal Al Din Abdul Malik who passed off around the twelvemonth 1270 CE in Kashan, Iran. He was known as Malik Al Ulama. The gravestone is covered in Arabic penmanship incorporating poetries of the Quran. Ayat Al Kursi is written on the outside frame. The penmanship and frames are painted in Co blue. The following object I saw was a mosque lamp from the clip of the Ottoman Empire. It can be accurately dated thanks to the lettering which states the name of the creative person every bit good as where and when it was made. The creative person was Musli who produced it in Iznik in Turkey in the twelvemonth 1549 CE. The Ottoman Caliph Suleiman The Magnificent who reigned from 1520-1566 ordered the rebuilding of the Dome Of The Rock in Jerusalem. The lamp was created to adorn the inside. It has three grips and ironss are used to hang the lamp. When lit, the penmanship lights up. The lamp besides displays tulips which are a symbol of the Ottoman Empire. Tulips were used in ornaments everyplace from mosques and castles to vesture. The lamp was discovered in Jerusalem in the nineteenth Century. I so viewed a gold dinar coin. It is one of the original coins from the clip of the Caliph Abdul Malik of the Umayyad Dynasty. This coin was portion of the Islamic coin system which was established in order to replace Byzantium and Persian coins which were antecedently in usage. This was done because the usage of images on Byzantium and Iranian coins are out. The Islamic coins contained the Kalimah, the basic and most cardinal message of Islam. The coin is dated to 696 CE to 697 CE, likely from Syria. The last point I would to speak about both because it is the last point I saw and was surely the one point which stood out for me was the carven jade terrapin. It caught my oculus instantly. It is highly graphic. It must hold been carved by a really skilled expert. It originates from Allahabad in Northern India and is dated back to the seventeenth Century. It may perchance hold been created between 1605-1627 during the reign of Selim the boy of the 3rd Mughal Emperor Akbar who reigned from 1556-1605 and a Hindu princess. Akbar built a castle at the Hindu metropolis of Prayag and renamed it Allahabad. Akbar neÃ¢â¬â¢er lived in the castle alternatively giving it to his boy. Selim is known to hold had a captivation with natural phenomenon and this could hold been used as an decoration for the garden pools at his castle. The carven jade terrapin was made from a individual piece of green jade nephrite. It was discovered at the underside of a cistern in the beginning of the nineteenth Ce ntury during digging work in Allahabad. How it ended up at that place in the first topographic point is a enigma. It was so transported to England by Alexander Kyd. It was so sold to the British Museum in 1830. I discovered Islam has a rich diverseness and history. I learnt how Islamic art A ; architecture is different from other civilizations. I learnt that despite assorted dynasties and epochs, all Islamic art A ; architecture portion some common cardinal rules. These cardinal rules are that human or carnal figurative representations are non allowed, this is due to the cardinal rule of Islam being Tawheed which is belief in One GOD who is unobserved and nil is like Him so utilizing any images are purely out. This is in blunt contrast to many idol idolizing communities who created ocular images of their Gods such as Ancient Egypt. Another rule is the usage of geometric forms which can be infinitely repeated. Another rule is the usage of Arabic penmanship in order to fancify poetries of the Quran, which can so be used for its ultimate intent, to propagate the faith of Islam. I saw many ancient artifacts of the Islamic universe and saw how art A ; architecture ties in with the history of great Islamic Empires and Dynasties. Each Dynasty had its ain typical symbols such as tulips for the Ottomans. Each Dynasty has left a go oning bequest through art A ; architecture such as the Umayyad Mosque in Damascus as a mark of the power and glorification of the Umayyad Dynasty at its extremum. It was a genuinely mind blowing experience. The most of import thing I learnt is that all these objects and artifacts I viewed during my visits to the museums are a portion of my history and heritage. Bibliography Carved jade terrapin. [ Online ] . ( 2009 ) . British Museum. Available from: hypertext transfer protocol: //www.britishmuseum.org/explore/highlights/highlight_objects/me/c/carved_jade_terrapin.aspx [ Accessed 26 December 2009 ] . Ceramic gravestone of Jalal al-DincAbd al-Malik. [ Online ] . ( 2009 ) . British Museum. Available from: hypertext transfer protocol: //www.britishmuseum.org/explore/highlights/highlight_objects/me/c/tombstone_of_an_islamic_judge.aspx [ Accessed 26 December 2009 ] . Mosque lamp. [ Online ] . ( 2009 ) . British Museum. Available from: hypertext transfer protocol: //www.britishmuseum.org/explore/highlights/highlight_objects/me/m/ottoman_mosque_lamp.aspx [ Accessed 26 December 2009 ] . Golddinarof calif Abd al-Malik. [ Online ] . ( 2009 ) . British Museum. Available from: hypertext transfer protocol: //www.britishmuseum.org/explore/highlights/highlight_objects/cm/g/gold_dinar_of_caliph_abd_al-ma.aspx [ Accessed 26 December 2009 ] . PALACE AND MOSQUE: ISLAMIC ART FROM THE VICTORIA AND ALBERT MUSEUM. [ Online ] . ( 2009 ) . Victoria And Albert Museum. Available from: hypertext transfer protocol: //www.vam.ac.uk/images/image/8405-popup.html [ Accessed 26 December 2009 ] . Manner In Islamic Art. [ Online ] . ( 2009 ) . Victoria And Albert Museum. Available from: hypertext transfer protocol: //www.vam.ac.uk/vastatic/microsites/1342_islamic_middle_east/index.php? id=1024 [ Accessed 26 December 2009 ] . The Ardabil Carpet. [ Online ] . ( 2009 ) . Victoria And Albert Museum. Available from: hypertext transfer protocol: //www.vam.ac.uk/collections/asia/object_stories/ardabil/index.html [ Accessed 26 December 2009 ] . How to cite Introduction to Muslim art and architecture, Essay examples
Saturday, April 25, 2020
The processes by which learners learn and teachers teach are about as ever-changing as the seasons. Throughout time, pedagogical researchers have developed new methods for the educational process, but none have been quite as revolutionary or as controversial as e-learning. E-learning, often referred to as distance learning or online learning provides a platform that facilitates learning through communication without requiring a face-to-face contact in the same space and time. Optimistic commentators see a new world of an educational process: Ã¢â¬Å"Every learner can, at his or her own choice of time and place, access a world of multimedia materialÃ¢â¬ ¦immediately the learner is unlocked from the shackles of fixed and rigid schedules, from physical limitationsÃ¢â¬ ¦and is released into an information world which reacts to his or her own pace of learning. Ã¢â¬  E-learning has, indeed, redefined education, but it has not replaced class-based learning. Teachers and schools cannot simply ignore this new technology. We will write a custom essay sample on Virtual Education or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not WasteYour Time HIRE WRITER Only 13.90 / page Rather, e-learning can be used as an interactive enhancement to the established classroom. E-Learning introduces a new term to education, as Virtual Classroom, where students will be present with their teachers and co-learners in classroom virtually. This type of physically separated but logically connected education system can be termed as Ã¢â¬Å"Virtual EducationÃ¢â¬ where the education is independent of the time and space of the learners. . What is Virtual Education Virtual education refers to instruction in a learning environment where teacher and student are separated by time or space, or both, and the teacher provides course content through the use of methods such as course management applications, multimedia resources, the Internet, and videoconferencing. Students receive the content and communicate with the teacher via the same technologies. Characteristics of virtual education: Virtual education is a term describing online education using the Internet. This term is used in K-12 schooling, often to refer to cyber schools, and in higher education, where so-called Virtual Universities have been established. A virtual program (or a virtual course of studies) is a study program in which all courses, or at least a significant portion of the courses, are virtual courses, whether in synchronous (i. e. real time) or asynchronous (i. e. self-paced) formats. Virtual courses Ã¢â¬â a synonym is online courses Ã¢â¬â are courses delivered on the Internet. Virtual is used here to characterize the fact that the course is not taught in a classroom face-to-face but through some substitute mode that can be associated with classroom teaching. That means people do not have to go to the real class to learn. Both the asynchronous and synchronous methods rely heavily on self-motivation, self-discipline, and ability for effective written communication. Although there is a long and varied history of distance education, the current intersection of technology as a means to facilitate real-time communication with community-centered interaction, and the increasing acceptance and employment of those developments in the broader culture, have positioned virtual class in a position of significant innovation and responsibility. In an educational environment in which school choice for families and students is valued, Ã¢â¬Å"cyber charter schools, as an outgrowth of the charter movement and the virtual school movement, represent a unique group of schools characterized by both their administrative model and their course delivery technology. Ã¢â¬ Instruction modes for virtual education: Many virtual study programs are mainly text based, using HTML, PowerPoint, or PDF documents. Any attempt to personalize the educational experience is essential in that students respond to personal attention and feedback. Today a wide spectrum of instruction modes is available, including the following: Ã¢â¬ ¢Virtual Classroom: Live teacher instruction and feedback online that enables real-time voice interaction, whiteboard sharing, and breakout sessions to enhance a students learning experience. This provides students an opportunity to interact with the teacher as well as classmates by oral and written communication. Ã¢â¬ ¢Virtual operating room: giving students a space to learn the basic induction procedure before stepping foot in the real-life operating room. Ã¢â¬ ¢Hypertext courses: Structured course material is used as in a conventional distance education program. However, all material is provided electronically and can be viewed with a browser. Hyperlinks connect text, multimedia parts and exercises. Ã¢â¬ ¢Video-based courses are like face-to-face classroom courses, with a lecturer speaking and PowerPoint slides or online examples used for illustration. Video-streaming technologies are used. Students watch the video by means of freeware or plug-ins. Ã¢â¬ ¢Audio-based courses are similar but instead of moving pictures only the sound track of the lecturer is provided. Often the course pages are enhanced with a text transcription of the lecture. Animated courses: Enriching text-oriented or audio-based course material by animations is generally a good way of making the content and its appearance more interesting. Animations are created using Macromedia Flash or similar technologies. Ã¢â¬ ¢Web-supported textbook courses are based on specific textbooks. Students read and reflect on the chapters by themselves. Review questions, topics for discussion, exercises, case studies, etc. are given chapter wise on a website and discussed with the lecturer. Class meetings may be held to discuss matters in a chat room, for example. Peer-to-peer courses are courses taught on-demand and without a prepared curriculum. A new field of online education has emerged in 2007 through new online education platforms. Ã¢â¬ ¢Social Networking: Using Web 2. 0 technologies in virtual classrooms promotes increased social interaction, student-centered instruction and a problem solving curriculum. Students can address a problem that is oriented to a cross curriculum activity. Teachers will act as guides and resources, but it is up to the students to collaborate, discuss, review ideas, and present solutions. Communication and interaction Students in virtual education acquire knowledge in a unidirectional manner (e. g. by studying a video, reading a textbook chapter), this would be known as asynchronous instruction. Subsequent discussions of problems, solving exercises, case studies, review questions, etc. help the students to understand better what they learned before. This learning is delivered at the students pace, not instructed live by a teacher. Although asynchronous courses are student driven, teachers are often needed to act as a guide. Therefore teacher facilitators are often available to provide any assistance that may be needed throughout the course. Communication with teacher facilitators is accomplished through discussion boards and email. This communication may be needed at times to better explain a specific topic or make grade corrections. Students enrolled in virtual classrooms or synchronous courses still acquire the content via real life instruction. A real teacher in real time delivers virtual classroom instruction. The virtual classroom teacher uses the computer screen as the board delivering instruction by using videos, PowerPointÃ¢â¬â¢s, or podcasts in conjunction with audio of the teachers voice. Students enrolled in the virtual classroom have opportunities for immediate teacher feedback and input while logged into class, just as they would in a traditional classroom. Students can also interact with other students via notes, texts, and emoticons. Additionally, many conferencing platforms used by virtual educators allow for students to work in small groups during class time, thus again mirroring the look and feel of a traditional classroom. Electronic media like a discussion forum, chat room, voice mail, e-mail, etc. are often employed for communication in both synchronous and asynchronous courses. Homework assignments are normally submitted electronically, e. g. as an attachment to an e-mail or uploaded to the LMS system in a view complete. When help is needed, lecturers, tutors, or fellow students, or a help desk are available, just like in a real university. The difference is that all communication occurs via electronic media. Virtual teachers are encouraged to use technology more in the classroom. They are also motivated to share their ideas and lesson plans with other teachers through wikis, blogs, facebook, etc. Communication in the synchronous virtual classroom is a collaborative learning experience. Students are encouraged to interact with peers through web-conferencing technologies. Small-group and whole-group collaboration is a suggested platform for virtual education. Communication can take place in real-time, i. e. during a class session. A small-group session is often referred to as a Ã¢â¬Å"Breakout Room. Ã¢â¬ This is a platform that allows real-time, social interaction between students. Students collectively work on a learning task designed by the virtual classroom instructor. Individual microphones, whiteboard tools (drawing rights for the group board), and/or notes are suggested ways students communicate with one another during live Breakout Rooms. Outside of the virtual classroom setting collaborative communication may also occur through various technologies; blogs, wikis, and/or multi-media tools. 3. Concept of E-Learning E-Learning can be defined an approach to facilitate and enhance learning by means of personal computers, CD-ROMs, and the Internet. It may be as simple as those teachers may simply post their material on Internet; students can read it online or can download it for further access . Since student wonÃ¢â¬â¢t be in a classroom with professor and classmates, he will need to be capable of independent learning. Instructor will provide him with a syllabus, course documents, and required readings. The interaction between the professor and the student will happen via e-mail, discussion board, forums etc. Since the class doesnÃ¢â¬â¢t meet in a physical space at a scheduled time, the student will have to learn independently. He will be responsible for keeping up with the assigned reading and completing assignments according to the timeline on the syllabus. The growing popularity of E-Learning has introduced new terms to education, as Virtual Classroom, where student will be present with his professor and fellow learners in a classroom. They will not be present physically in the classroom but connected to the classroom via Internet. 4. Concept of Virtual Classroom Just as the term virtual means a simulation of the real thing, Virtual Classroom is a simulated classroom via Internet, which provides a convenient communication environment for distance learners just like traditional face-to-face classroom. It is a network system to provide a distributed, near real-time electronic collaborative environment that allows video, audio, data and sensor participation by a worldwide set of participants in experiments undertaken n physically remote locations. These locations, due to cost, accessibility, safety or other concerns often do not permit communities to participate at the location. The Virtual Classroom is an integrated system of modern wireless networks that distribute video, audio, data and text within a remote experimental area and provides for the interconnection to remote participants in classrooms or indeed any worldwide location with a broadband Internet connection. Virtual Classroom provides a powerful platform for the support of experiments and education that is not limited to the physical classroom. A virtual classroom enables to bring learners from around the world together online in highly interactive virtual classes while greatly reducing the travel, time, and expense of on-site teaching/training programs. It can be used as a solution for live delivery and interaction that addresses the entire process of creating and managing our teaching-learning process. It facilitates instructor and student in teaching-learning events, such as a seminar, online discussion or a live training for employees in company. As in traditional classroom, there are professor and fellow learners present with the student; we have many participants present in virtual classroom. They can talk with each other as in the traditional classroom via chat. Similarly presenter uses whiteboard, gives notes/resources, gives presentation as given in traditional one. Thus, virtual classroom can be visualized as a classroom where a lecture or session is conducted using Internet. Fig. 1 shows a basic model of virtual classroom.
Tuesday, March 17, 2020
Michael Horton Case Study Executive summary Michael Horton is a high-ranking management professional in the Computer Sciences Corporation (CSC). He is responsible for a company with huge revenue and over 2,000 people. Through his managerial capacity, he is adequately placed for the provision of insights regarding his company, collaborators and management.Advertising We will write a custom essay sample on Michael Horton: Case Study specifically for you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More In his interview, he highlights the assumptions people make regarding management without any clear understanding of how to conduct activities in a real managerial situation. In his input, managers require training for the spearheading of management needs and execution of projects through their life cycles. Training is an aspect highly emphasized for the avoidance of problems and helping of staffs and the organization to reach success limits. Michael Horton provides some managerial ideas relevant to hi s company and industry making the role of project management a success amidst market challenges. He also focused on the treatment of customers as a means of maintaining a cut above competitors. On his focus about struggling with competitors, he gives an interesting insight of venturing into unique markets so that a company does not have to struggle for the same customers. Employees should be prepared to operate within strict safety conditions to avoid unnecessary legal challenges. This should act for internal staffs and even to offshore staffs so that the positive relationship with staffs can remain to the advantage of the company. It has a great relationship with its collaborators though faces growing competition from new entrants into the market. It is necessary for an I.T company to have its staffs well trained on people skills, time management and always maintain a focus on the changing needs of the market. Decision Criteria It is also important that a company use the profession alism of its staff in fields of their experiences such as the use of Michael HortonÃ¢â¬â¢s I.T expertise in natural resources1. Having a market share of 56 percent gives adequate recognition in the market and its maintenance is a challenge a company must deal with. Dependency on references is not adequate within the growing competition and that leaves the company with the need of identifying new market areas with less competition. Having to push competitors into the niche market segment can come with legal implications for the company if not carefully executed2.Advertising Looking for essay on business economics? Let's see if we can help you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More It is the call of a manager to ensure a smooth flow of activities within a company. As Michael Horton says, the business of selling people is a challenging one and requires constant meetings and updating of staffs and clients. The manager also has the role of creating of a vision and mission of a company. This needs constant review and enforcement to the staff so the provision of services to customers remains within the legal limits prescribed in the company. Managing economies of scale through effective serving of large organizations can be a complex venture3. For this reason, leadership plays a major role for ensuring success. Since this is an I.T company, it is important for the company staffs need the necessary skills for licensing of software for large organizations and data protection in the data centre. There is a considerable amount of competition from competitors presenting new alternatives in the market4. The company cannot rely solely on the trust and relationship with its customers. The I.T service area keeps changing and maintaining an old form of operations inadequate for satisfying the changing needs in the market. Alternatives Achieving the vision of a company is never easy and with the changes in the market, it is necessary to have a regular review of the company mission and vision. The needs of government entities and corporate keep changing and there may be need for an evaluation of the current mission and vision to meet their new needs. It is inadequate focusing on markets and industries while leaving big and consistent customers because of the entry of competitors into the market. Training of staffs is essential in equipping of staffs with relevant knowledge for carrying out their activities in a legal manner without any sort of breaches5. This company managed to set its edge amidst little competition. Its global capability builds from the trust it built with customers. It has the capability of opting for liability capping within its contracts should it face compromising legal implications on areas of security and safety. The challenge in this company is in its lack of contentious contractual linkage for IT outsourcing deals. It is the responsibility of an outsourcing customer to secure data. However, servic e outsourcers insert liability caps into the contracts giving them responsibility over confidential information accessible by a service provider. Outsourcers also want to have limited linkage to any instances of contractual breaches.Advertising We will write a custom essay sample on Michael Horton: Case Study specifically for you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More This is a tricky situation in the company as customers are becoming tough on issues of data breaches. Therefore, the service provider stays on the hook of data breaches because of the limitations of liability. In addition, there exists very minimal requirements and special terms for ensuring the process of data security. However, the new federal regulations protect customers from data breach forcing service providers into honoring compulsory data notifications. The price tag for such regulations is high making it mandatory for service providers to ensure no instances of data breaches. This can be very expensive for a company having a large customer base like CSC. Solutions Because of the need to protect company revenues, service providers pushed for the creation of liability caps for particular data protection and confidentiality breaches. It was the major concern of those with customer base and huge retailers such as the client base handled by Michael Horton on a daily basis. Outsourcing providers have the tendency of capping liability at duration of two to three months. This acts unfairly on offshore venders who have to accept the responsibility of data security and liability for them to get new business6. Staying firm on not accepting the stake on limited liability leaves some negotiators unable to handle the limits of breach on data liability ob basis of their being financially unfeasible. It is necessary for the company to collaborate with companies such as S.A.P. for the creation of a solution for provision of deliverables to customers. Such expertise can help the org anization in enhancing appropriate dealings with corporate within Australia and globally. For the benefits of pushing competitors into niche markets, it is necessary for the company to act from an informed angle to enjoy value proposition sales. Implications The implementation of these solutions in the market is easy for this company, which already boasts of a reasonable market share. It is important for the company to maintain its trust with clients and ensure that its staffs have adequate training for effective operation within the industry7. Being a large firm and an incumbent in the industry, there is a possibility of enjoying a small competitive landscape from entrants into the market for I.T service provision. Since there is considerable amount of discipline in the industry, it is within the mandates of the law to maintain a legal stance by ensuring that the company works within given codes of conduct.Advertising Looking for essay on business economics? Let's see if we can help you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More It will not have to change its pricing because of its relationship with its customers and the skepticism, which surrounds the I.T outsourcing industry. However, it is required to improve on service differentiation so it can target a different target market than that it competes for with the entrants into the market. Michael Horton has a vertical positioning for influencing of the performance of the company and this gives the company a chance to continue scaling the global market. There is a considerable need for effective people skills management to keep a company on the right path. Since an I.T company deal with numerous people ambiguities, it is just necessary that staffs knowhow to handle issues in the most polite manner. This gives the opportunity for maintaining clients who remain in need of company services and that translates to success8. Blackstone, John H., James F. Cox, and John G. Schleier. 2009. A tutorial on project management from a theory of constraints perspective. International Journal Of Production Research 47, no. 24: 7029-7046. Business Source Complete, EBSCOhost. Camacho, Alejandro E. 2010. Assisted Migration: Redefining Nature and Natural Resource Law Under Climate Change. Yale Journal On Regulation 27, no. 2: 171-255. Business Source Complete, EBSCOhost. Krause, Mark. Impacts of Product Differentiation on the Crop Input Supply Industry. Choices 26, no. 1 (1st Quarter 2011): EconLit with Full Text, EBSCOhost. Morley, Kristi M. 2008. Limitation-of-Liability Provisions. Reeves Journal: Plumbing, Heating, Cooling 88, no. 12: 8. MasterFILE Premier, EBSCOhost. Pringle, James, and Jeroen, Huisman. 2011. Understanding Universities in Ontario, Canada: An Industry Analysis Using Porters Five Forces Framework. Canadian Journal Of Higher Education 41, no. 3: 36-58. Education Research Complete, EBSCOhost. Spell, Stephanie M. 2010. Capping Auditor Liability: Unsuitable Fiscal Policy In Our Current Financial Crisis. Brooklyn Journal Of Corporate, Fina ncial Commercial Law 4, no. 2: 323-351. Business Source Complete, EBSCOhost. ZdanytÃâ", Kristina, and Bronius Neverauskas. 2011. The Theoretical Substation Of Project Management Challenges. Economics Management 16, 1013-1018. Business Source Complete, EBSCOhost. ZekiÃâ¡, Zdravko, and Luka, SamarÃ ¾ija. 2012. Project Management of Dynamic Optimization of Business Performance. International Business Research 5, no. 12: 99-111. Business Source Complete, EBSCOhost. Footnotes 1 Blackstone, John H., James F. Cox, and John G. Schleier. 2009. A tutorial on project management from a theory of constraints perspective. International Journal Of Production Research 47, no. 24: 7029-7046. Business Source Complete, EBSCOhost. 2 Camacho, Alejandro E. 2010. Assisted Migration: Redefining Nature and Natural Resource Law Under Climate Change. Yale Journal On Regulation 27, no. 2: 171-255. Business Source Complete, EBSCOhost. 3 Krause, Mark. Impacts of Product Differentiation on the Crop Input S upply Industry. Choices 26, no. 1 (1st Quarter 2011): EconLit with Full Text, EBSCOhost . 4 ZdanytÃâ", Kristina, and Bronius Neverauskas. 2011. The Theoretical Substation Of Project Management Challenges. Economics Management 16, 1013-1018. Business Source Complete, EBSCOhost. 5 Morley, Kristi M. 2008. Limitation-of-Liability Provisions. Reeves Journal: Plumbing, Heating, Cooling 88, no. 12: 8. MasterFILE Premier, EBSCOhost. 6 Spell, Stephanie M. 2010. Capping Auditor Liability: Unsuitable Fiscal Policy In Our Current Financial Crisis. Brooklyn Journal Of Corporate, Financial Commercial Law 4, no. 2: 323-351. Business Source Complete, EBSCOhost. 7 Pringle, James, and Jeroen Huisman. 2011. Understanding Universities in Ontario, Canada: An Industry Analysis Using Porters Five Forces Framework. Canadian Journal Of Higher Education 41, no. 3: 36-58. Education Research Complete, EBSCOhost. 8 ZekiÃâ¡, Zdravko, and Luka SamarÃ ¾ija. 2012. Project Management of Dynamic Optimization o f Business Performance. International Business Research 5, no. 12: 99-111. Business Source Complete, EBSCOhost.
Sunday, March 1, 2020
Great Hammerhead Shark The great hammerhead shark (Sphyrna mokarran) is the largest of the 9 species of hammerhead sharks. These sharks are easily recognized by their unique hammer or shovel-shaped heads. Description The great hammerhead can reach a maximum length of about 20 feet, but their average length is about 12 feet. Their maximum length is about 990 pounds. They have a grayish-brown to light gray back and white underside. Great hammerhead sharks have a notch in the center of their head, which is known as a cephalofoil. The cephalofoil has a gentle curve in juvenile sharks but becomes straight as the shark ages. Great hammerhead sharks have a very tall, curved first dorsal fin and a smaller second dorsal fin. They have 5-gill slits. Classification Kingdom: AnimaliaPhylum: ChordataSubphylum: GnathostomataSuperclass: PiscesClass: ElasmobranchiiSubclass: NeoselachiiInfraclass: SelachiiSuperorder: GaleomorphiOrder: CarcharhiniformesFamily: SphyrnidaeGenus: SphyrnaSpecies: mokarran Habitat and Distribution Great hammerhead sharks live in warm temperate and tropical waters in the Atlantic, Pacific, and Indian Oceans. They are also found in the Mediterranean and Black Seas and Arabian Gulf. They undertake seasonal migrations to cooler waters in the summer. Great hammerheads may be found in both nearshore and offshore waters, over continental shelves, near islands, and near coral reefs. Feeding Hammerheads use their cephalofoils for detection of prey using their electro-reception system. This system allows them to detect their prey by electrical fields. Great hammerhead sharks primarily feed at dusk and eat stingrays, invertebrates, and fish, including even other great hammerheads. Their favorite prey is rays, which they pin down using their heads. They then bite at the rays wings to immobilize them and eat the entire ray, including the tail spine. Reproduction Great hammerhead sharks may mate at the surface, which is unusual behavior for a shark. During mating, the male transfers sperm to the female via his claspers. Great hammerhead sharks are viviparous (give birth to live young). The gestation period for a female shark is about 11 months, and 6-42 pups are born live. The pups are about 2 feet long at birth. Shark Attacks Hammerhead sharks are generally not dangerous to humans, but great hammerheads should be avoided due to their size. Hammerhead sharks, in general, are listed by the International Shark Attack File #8 on its list of species responsible for shark attacks from the years 1580 to 2011. During this time, hammerheads were responsible for 17 non-fatal, unprovoked attacks and 20 fatal, provoked attacks. Conservation Great hammerheads are listed as endangered by the IUCN Red List due to their slow reproduction rate, high bycatch mortality and harvest in shark finning operations. The IUCN encourages implementation of shark finning bans to protect this species. References and Further Information ARKive. Great Hammerhead. Accessed June 30, 2012.Bester, Cathleen.Great Hammerhead Shark. Florida Museum of Natural History. Accessed June 30, 2012.Carpenter, K.E. Great Hammerhead: Sphyrna mokarran. Accessed June 30, 2012.Compagno, L., Dando, M. and S. Fowler. 2005. Sharks of the World. Princeton University Press.Denham, J., Stevens, J., Simpfendorfer, C.A., Heupel, M.R., Cliff, G., Morgan, A., Graham, R., Ducrocq, M., Dulvy, N.D, Seisay, M., Asber, M., Valenti, S.V., Litvinov, F., Martins, P., Lemine Ould Sidi, M. Tous, P. and Bucal, D. 2007. Sphyrna mokarran. In: IUCN 2012. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2012.1... Accessed June 30, 2012.Florida Museum of Natural History. 2012. ISAF Statistics on Attacking Species of Shark. Accessed June 30, 2012.Krupa, D. 2002. Why the Hammerhead Sharks Head is In the Shape Its In. American Physiological Society. Accessed June 30, 2012.ScienceDaily. 2010. Hammerhead Shark Study Shows Cascade of Evolution Affected Size, Head Shape. A ccessed June 30, 2012.